The LCD technology is no longer considered an innovation – after all, it has been around for some time now. Therefore, the fact that people know little or next to nothing about LCD TV technologies nowadays is quite contradictory; in an age when almost everyone owns one.
The following guide aims at explaining the basics of the LCD technologies to those who are enjoying its perks but don’t really understand it.
What is LCD?
LCD is short for liquid crystal display, and this technology is commonly used for displays in notebooks and smaller computers.
The very point of this is a significantly thinner display than the CRT (cathode ray tube) technology.
The benefit of the LCD in comparison to its predecessors is significantly lowered power consumption, form factor, and image quality (though some might dispute the last).
So, what separates different LCD TVs from each other? Well, a number of things, the most prominent one perhaps being different panel types. Some of these panels make for a more affordable television set, while others are the exact reason for high prices.
IPS Panel Technology
Short for In-Plane Switching, the IPS panels are commonly known as best LCD technology out there; when it comes to image quality, color accuracy and viewing angles, the IPS absolutely excels! This, of course, results in higher prices than its technology’s counterparts.
VA Panel Technology
Vertical Alignment or VA technology TVs make for mid-range devices. They offer excellent color reproduction and wider viewing angles than the TN panels, which will be addressed shortly.
VA panels absolutely excel at one thing, though, higher contrast ratios, which results in better black levels!
TN Panel Technology
This is the most widely used panel type in LCD monitors. Excellent response times and affordability is TA’s bread and butter, making this technology great for gaming.
Color reproduction, viewing angles and contrast ratios are the fields at which the TN panel technology definitely loses the competition to its peers.
Now let’s change the subject towards something significantly more popular. You might feel like you’ve been hearing about this OLED technology more and more these days and there’s a reason for this – it’s very different from other types of LCD TVs.
OLED (short for Organic Light-Emitting Diode) works by providing self-illuminated diodes that can be turned on and off individually, which means that the ‘true black’ can be achieved.
On the downside, this technology doesn’t really excel at power consumption; or rather, it really excels. Power hungry, OLED isn’t really something an environmentally-conscious person would choose.
On another hand, ULED is basically an improved LED technology. Short for Ultra LED, this innovation excels at its color palette, being able to produce the broadest of arrays of colors for images, making them look significantly more detailed.
Although OLED also comes with 4K technology, ULED is absolutely tied to the 2160p resolution! If you want to learn more about the differences between ULED and OLED, click here for a more detailed, in-depth review.
What to Choose
Well, each of the mentioned technologies has its own perks, yet, unofficially, all form a unique group of LCD TVs branch. OLEDs allow for a true black, ULEDs are rich in color, and LEDs control groups of pixels.
This pretty much sums up the basics of the LCD technology in general. Each group comes with benefits of its own, as well as the downsides. We hope that this guide will help you in choosing your perfect LCD TV fit.