Whether you’re lending your iPhone to your children or setting up an iPhone of their own, you need to be sure that they’ll be safe using it, which is why the iPhone’s parental controls are so important.
Particularly if they’re tech-savvy older children, you might want to ensure they won’t be visiting inappropriate websites, installing and playing unsuitable games, or running up huge bills buying extras as In-App Purchases (IAPs).
On several occasions since early 2013, Apple has agreed to refund millions of dollars to parents who discovered that their children had made purchases without their permission, but don’t assume you’ll just get your money back if your kids splash out on In-App Purchases – the onus is on you to keep an eye on how your own phone is being used, and if you find any transactions you do want to disown, you’ll have to prove that those purchases were made without your knowledge and consent.
What are In-App Purchases?
Simply put, an In-App Purchase is any extra bundle of content or features that you can buy within an app, as distinct from in the App Store itself. IAPs are widely used to unlock added features, or to buy real or virtual goods.
In games, for example, you might have to pay to unlock levels, acquire extra lives or power-ups, and so on. Some free apps turn out to be sparse samplers or more-or-less empty ‘containers’, requiring you to pay for the actual content.
This is not to say that there’s anything inherently bad about In-App Purchases – they can be a perfectly fair and reasonable way to offer you extra content or options that you might not need or want to pay for up-front, such as additional languages in a language-learning app, for example.
The catch is that you’re spending real money, which might not be immediately obvious, particularly to young children or in the context of a game. As the US Federal Trade Commission noted, one person’s daughter spent $2,600 in the app Tap Pet Hotel and ‘other consumers reported unauthorized purchases by [their] children totaling more than $500 in the apps Dragon Story and Tiny Zoo Friends.’
Keep them safe
The simplest and safest option is therefore often to disable IAPs entirely, which is easily done using your iPhone’s Restrictions options. You’ll find these by opening the Settings app and tapping General > Restrictions. As you’ll see opposite, these include the options to disallow access to a range of apps one by one and even to block internet access completely by blocking Safari (or any other browser apps you might have installed).
This last option, however, won’t always be suitable, for example where the children involved are older or will need to use the iPhone to find information online.
The alternative can be to set age-rating-based restrictions, which can apply to apps, web sites or content of various sorts – we’ll show you how.
It’s important to note that it’s not possible to set up multiple ‘user accounts’ on one iPhone and switch between them, as you can on your Mac or PC: any restrictions will apply globally on that device until you change them (although we’ll show you how to ensure that only you can change them).
Make an allowance
It is, however, possible to set up a separate App Store account for a child (aged 13 or over) and either set an allowance for this account or stop it downloading paid apps at all.
This gives your kids a certain degree of independence and might be ideal if you’re setting up an iPhone for them to use on their own but want to prevent unexpected bills.
Again, though, note that you can’t swap between accounts: once you’ve logged in, you can’t change to another App Store account on the same device for 90 days.
If you want your kids to have a paid-for app once you’ve set up an Apple ID for them, you can gift the app from another Apple ID.
First sign in to the App Store with your own ID (ideally using another device, bearing in mind the 90-days rule). Now find the app, tap the Share button, then tap Gift and enter the email address of the children’s account.
To set them an allowance, scroll down to the foot of the main Featured page in the Store, tap Send Gift, enter their email address and choose a value.
How to set up restrictions in iOS 9
1. Enable Restrictions
To access your iPhone’s parental controls, tap Settings > General > Restrictions, then tap Enable Restrictions. You’ll now be asked to set a Restrictions passcode, which you’ll need to enter if you want to make any changes to the restrictions later.
Make sure it is NOT the same as the passcode you use to switch on or wake your iPhone – that’s the first thing your children will be likely to try!
2. Allow or disallow apps
You can now disable key apps and features, including Safari, Camera, Siri, FaceTime, AirDrop and CarPlay. You can also opt to block the three stores: you can disallow iTunes and the iBook Store by name; to block the App Store, disable Installing Apps.
There are separate switches to prevent users deleting apps or making In-App Purchases, so you can disable exactly the combination of features you want. Set a switch to off and the relevant app will immediately vanish from the Home screen.
3. Set age rating limits
In the Allowed Content section you can set age-related limits for different types of content on your iPhone, including apps. Every app has a rating – to find it, search for the app in the App Store, tap its icon and scroll down to the Information section.
Limiting apps by age rating will hide those rated for older users from your Home screen, and also prevent users from downloading them from the App Store (though they’ll still show up in search results).
4. Require password immediately
By default, when you buy an item in the App Store or via IAP, you can buy more without re-entering your password for 15 minutes.
But if you buy something for your kids and then hand them the device, this means they have 15 minutes of free rein on your account. To prevent this, tap Password Settings and change the option from Require After 15 minutes to Always Require – now the password must be entered for every purchase, no matter how recently the last one was authorised.
5. Privacy options
Under the Privacy section, you can prevent apps from accessing your location, contacts, calendars, reminders, Twitter and Facebook information, or sharing data over Bluetooth.
Tap Location Services, for example, to see a list of apps that have requested use of that service. If you want your kids to be able to find their location in Maps, say, set Maps to on but other apps to off.
Then tap Don’t Allow Changes to lock these settings in place. Note that Don’t Allow Changes does not act as a blanket ‘disable’ switch; it just prevents users and apps from altering the settings you’ve made.
Be aware too that some apps may already have imported and stored your contacts, so they might still show up in that app.
6. Disallow changes
In the Allow Changes section you can lock in the current settings for your personal accounts (Mail, Contacts and Calendars), Find Friends, and some other features not covered elsewhere.
If you tap Don’t Allow Changes in any category, apps and users won’t be able to add, modify or delete accounts or modify iCloud settings in that category.
7. Game Center options
The final set of Restrictions relate to Game Center, your iPhone’s social hub for games. Switch Multiplayer Games off and users won’t be able to request a match, send or receive invitations to play games, or add friends in Game Center.
Switch Adding Friends off and they can’t make or receive friend requests in Game Center – but if Multiplayer Games is on, they can continue to play with existing friends.
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